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  1. The terms “anonymize” and “de-identify” are used differently in various privacy laws, but typically refer to the process of minimizing risk of re-identification using current best statistical practices (El Emam, 2013).↩︎

  2. It should therefore be distinguished from a practice sometimes called “pseudo-anonymization”, which involves only partial anonymization (e.g., “Michael Johnson” becoming “Michael J.”).↩︎

  3. Alternatively, the same workflow could also be set up with other cloud storage providers that are integrated with OSF, such as ownCloud, Google Drive, or Box, though funders or institutions may have restrictions on the use of these providers.↩︎

  4. Codebooks can be generated from the data set metadata in popular statistical software, including SPSS (http://libguides.library.kent.edu/SPSS/Codebooks), Stata (http://www.stata.com/manuals13/dcodebook.pdf), or R (http://www.martin-elff.net/knitr/memisc/codebook.html; https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/codebook/index.html), or with data publishing tools (e.g., http://www.nesstar.com/software/publisher.html). The author of the codebook (Arslan, 2018) package for R has also created a web app for creating codebooks for SPSS, Stata or RDS files: https://rubenarslan.ocpu.io/codebook/www/↩︎

  5. For those interested in metadata and codebooks, the Digital Curation Centre provides a helpful overview (see http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/metadata-standards). Common metadata standards are the basic and general-purpose Dublin Core and the more social-science-focused Data Documentation Initiative (DDI) that was originally developed for survey data (Leeper, 2014).↩︎

  6. such as those at Ludwig Maximilian University (Munich, Germany) and at the University of Oregon.↩︎

  7. An example of such a statement is “such as “Our department embraces the values of open science and strives for replicable and reproducible research. For this goal we support transparent research with open data, open materials, and study pre-registration. Candidates are asked to describe in what way they already pursued and plan to pursue these goals.” (http://www.fak11.lmu.de/dep\_psychologie/osc/open-science-hiring-policy/index.html).↩︎

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Klein, O., Hardwicke, T. E., Aust, F., Breuer, J., Danielsson, H., Hofelich Mohr, A., … Frank, M. C. (2018). A Practical Guide for Transparency in Psychological Science. Collabra: Psychology, 4(1), 20. https://doi.org/10.1525/collabra.158